Donnerstag, 30. September 2010

Ernst Busch - Aurora-Schallplatten Rote Reihe 7 - Hanns Eisler zum 75. Geburtstag (vinyl rip)

This year saw the 110th birthday of Ernst Busch, the great German antifascist singer and actor.

Busch first rose to prominence as an interpreter of political songs, particularly those of Kurt Tucholsky, in the Berlin cabaret scene of the 1920s. He starred in the original 1928 production of Bertolt Brecht's "Threepenny Opera", as well as the subsequent 1931 film by Georg Wilhelm Pabst. He also appeared in the movie "Kuhle Wampe".

A lifelong Communist, Busch fled Nazi Germany in 1933 with the Gestapo on his heels, eventually settling in the Soviet Union. In 1937 he joined the International Brigades to fight against Fascism in Spain. His wartime songs were then recorded and broadcasted by Radio Barcelona and Radio Madrid. After the Spanish Republic fell to General Franco, Busch migrated to Belgium where he was interned during the German occupation and later imprisoned in Camp Gurs, France and Berlin. Freed by the Soviet Army in 1945, he settled in East Berlin where he worked with Bertold Brecht and Erwin Piscator at the "Berliner Ensemble". A beloved figure in the German Democratic Republic, he is best remembered for his performance in the title role of Brecht's "Galileo" and his stirring recordings of workers songs, including many written by Hanns Eisler. He also made a memorable and haunting recording of Peat Bog Soldiers.

We celebrate his birthday with a vinyl rip of an original "Aurora-Schallplatte" honouring Hanns Eislers 75th birthday in the year 1973. This EP is a part of Ernst Busch´s recordings on the "Aurora" label between 1964 and 1974. It is a part of Busch´s great "Chronicle of the first half of the 20st century in songs and ballads".

Ernst Busch - Aurora Schallplatte Rote Reihe 7 - Hanns Eisler
(vinyl rip, 256 kbps, front cover included)

Dienstag, 28. September 2010

Zero G Sounds @ Tante Horst

Our friends from the Zero G Soundsystem will spin some fine records this friday night at a small bar in Berlin-Kreuzberg, called Tante Horst. May the funk be with us & them! You are welcome!

Montag, 27. September 2010

Freundschaft - Drushba

Here´s another interesting historic and political artifact from the GDR. "Druzhba" means in Slavic languages "friendship".

01 - Ruhm der großen Partei
02 - Marsch der Moskauer Miliz
03 - Wir, die Genossen der Volkspolizei
04 - Warum freue ich mich
05 - Ich traf sie
06 - Auf einem Baum ein Kuckuck saß
07 - Sowjetischer Gardemarsch
08 - Pidmanula
09 - Der Zukunft entgegen
10 - Drushba - Freundschaft
11 - Zu Gast bei Freunden
12 - Das Glöckchen
13 - Im schönsten Wiesengrunde
14 - Wolga-Weisen
15 - Zwischen Berg und tiefem Tal
16 - Kühne Jugend
17 - Matrjoschka
18 - Wir bau´n unsere glückliche Welt

VA - Freundschaft - Drushba (192 kbps, front cover included)

Any information about this album would be great!

Samstag, 25. September 2010

Lee Wiley - Sings Songs By Rodgers & Hart (1940)

Her husky, surprisingly sensual voice and exquisitely cool readings of pop standards distinguished her singing, but Lee Wiley earns notice as one of the best early jazz singers by recognizing the superiority of American popular song and organizing a set of songs around a common composer or theme - later popularized as the songbook or concept LP. She was also a songwriter in her own right, and one of the few white vocalists with more respect in the jazz community than the popular one. Even more tragic then, that while dozens of inferior vocalists recorded LPs during the late '50s and '60s, Wiley appeared on record just once between 1957 and her death in 1975.

Lee Wiley pioneered the "songbook" concept, for which a singer exclusively interpreted the work of one composer.

Her Gershwin and Cole Porter projects of 1939-40 were major successes, as is the music on this album with songs by Rodgrs & Hart. In a fairly straight but strangely sensuous manner, Wiley sings eight songs by Rodgers & Hart while backed by a variety of all-star players associated with Eddie Condon, including pianist Joe Bushkin, trumpeters Max Kaminsky, Billy Butterfield and Bobb Hackett, tenor saxophonist Bud Freeman, and Ernie Caceres on baritone and clarinet.

Although many of these songs have been interpreted countless times since, few singers have reached the emotional peaks that Lee Wiley scaled in her versions of "A Ship Without a Sail," "Let's Fall In Love," "I've Got the World On a String," "Down With Love" and especially "Glad to Be Unhappy." This set belongs in every serious jazz collection.

The inside cover reads" " This little musicale was a lot of frolic in the making. Dick Rodgers, in the breathless middle of two new scores, dropped everything to help us work it out. Paul Whiteman lent us the best two man rhythm section in the business, Artie Shapiro and Stud Wettling, better known as the Rider. Bradford Gowans, who was building a rotor boat on the shores of an estuary near North Reading, Mass. forgot all about that and caught the Merchants back to write four of the orchestrations. For the other four Tommy Dorsey kindly lent us the services of Paul Wetstein, Jr., his brilliant young arranger. Lee sang the songs over and over. And finally we went to the studio and made the records. Let me tell you we had a good time I'm Sure you're going to enjoy it too. Ernie Anderson February, 1940."

These eight songs were published in 1940 on the Gala label on four 78 RPM discs.

Lee Wiley - Sings Songs By Rodgers & Hart (1940)
(320 kbps, front cover included)

Freitag, 24. September 2010

Martin Büsser is dead - Rest in peace!

Again, sad news: Martin Büsser, one of the most interesting german “pop” journalists, publisher and author, died yesterday at the age of 42. 

Thanks a lot for everything what you did for music and the critical music journalism in this country! Thanks a lot for all the readings and discussions!

Martin was one of the last representatives of the so called german "pop left" ("Poplinke") and reflected popular culture in the tradition of the critical theory and authors like Diedrich Diederichsen, Jutta Koether and Dietmar Dath.

Martin was involved in a lot of important music projects, for example the statement against german nationalism called "I Can´t Relax In Deutschland". He co-founded the "Ventil Verlag" publishing house as well as the book series "Testcard - Beiträge zur Popgeschichte" ("Testcard - contributions to pop history"). He has written many interesting books on pop history and pop theory  like "Antipop. Essays und Reportagen zur Popmusik der Neunziger", "Anti-folk - From Beck to Adam Green", "If the kids are united - von Punk zu Hardcore und zurück",  "Wie klingt die Neue Mitte? Rechte und reaktionäre Tendenzen in der Popmusik" and "On The Wild Side. Die wahre Geschichte der Popmusik".
Martin was the singer of the post punk band "Familie Pechsaftha", which released three albums.

Via this link you can listen to his german lecture about  Geschlechterverhältnisse in der Punk- und Hardcore-Szene from May, 7th, 2008.

Here you find an interview with Martin in german language:

Donnerstag, 23. September 2010

Hopeton Lewis - Dynamic Hopeton Lewis (1974)

Hopeton Lewis' rich baritone has had a profound impact on Jamaican music, and his mixture of gospel and soul elements helped set the template for early rocksteady.

Born October 3, 1947, in Kingston, Lewis' mother died when he was two, and he rotated living with various aunts, uncles, and grandparents. By the age of six he was already singing in church, and singing is where he turned when he was left on his own at the age of 15.
Lewis quickly formed his first singing group, the Regals, and his career course was set. Like many Jamaican singers, Lewis got his start at Studio One, but soon moved over to Ken Khouri's Federal Studios, where he recorded what is arguably the first rocksteady side, "Take It Easy," backed by Lynn Taitt & the Jets. The song was released on Winston Blake's Merritone label in 1966 and was a huge success.

In the late '60s he worked as part of a duo with Glen Brown. His solo career really took off when he won the 1970 Festival Song Competition with the song "Boom Shacka Lacka," which he recorded for Duke Reid's Treasure Isle label, then moved over to Byron Lee's Dynamic Sound imprint for the album "Groovin' Out on Life", which firmly established Lewis as an explosive singer and performer when it was released in 1973, followed quickly by a second album, "Dynamic Hopeton Lewis".

Lewis started his own label, Bay City Music, in the late '80s and turned increasingly to gospel music.

"Dynamic Hopeton Lewis" was released in 1974 on Dynamic Sounds.

Hopeton Lewis - Dynamic Hopeton Lewis (1974)

(192 kbps, vinyl rip, front & back cover included)

VA - The Grove Reggae Collection (1979)

Fine roots reggae compilation released on Grove in 1979. Enjoy it!


B.B. Seaton - One Thing Leads To Another
King Sounds - Kill Them Dead
Alton Ellis - It's Hard To Be A Lover
Carl Malcolm - Repatriation
B.B. Seaton - No Good Girl
Claudette Miller - Too Much Heaven

Carl Malcolm - Take A Tip From Me
Patrick Andy - Poverty And Starvation
Veronica Douglas - The Morning Is Bright
Patrick Andy - Woman Woman Woman
Prophets - Till I Kiss You
Wayne Wade - Happy Go Lucky Girl

VA - The Grove Reggae Collection (1979, vinyl rip)

Mittwoch, 22. September 2010

VA - Cool Playing Blues - Chicago Style

The 15 songs on this compilation were left behind by Parrot Records' Al Benson, all cut during the mid-1950s.

The music could have passed muster at Parrot's better-known Chicago rival Chess - Jody Williams may have been Parrot's answer to Muddy Waters (Willie Dixon is even playing the bass), although his style was closer to an amalgam of B.B. King and T-Bone Walker.

In addition to some established sides, this album features one outtake, "Groan My Blues Away," his only known workout on slide guitar. Guitarist L.C. McKinley ("All Alone Blues" — worth it for the guitar-sax duet on the break) and pianist Curtis Jones are also featured in numbers cut under their respective names, and St. Louis Jimmy Oden has two tracks represented here, backed by the Red Saunders Band, including a sultry version of his classic "Goin' Down Slow." This and "Murder In the First Degree" are among the very last sides Oden is known to have recorded. Three obscure tracks by John T. "Nature Boy" Brown, a saxman and singer, close this extraordinary collection of little-known Chicago blues, which should impress any fan of Chess or Cobra Records (indeed, Parrot had a stronger roster than Cobra, based on what we hear here).
The sound quality is generally very good, the only signifcant surface noise from a non-tape source coming up on the Oden sides, which still sound clean and very listenable.

VA - Cool Playing Blues - Chicago Style
(256 kbps, cover art included)

Jim Kweskin - Relax Your Mind (1966)

The fun side of folk music was explored by the Jim Kweskin Jug Band. During the five years they were together, the group successfully transformed the sounds of pre-World War II rural music into a springboard for their good-humored performances.

Released in 1966, "Relax Your Mind" finds Jim Kweskin taking a break from his jug band for a mellow solo effort. He's joined by harp player Mel Lyman and washtub bassist Fritz Richmond for what amounts to a stripped-down jug band on a dozen tracks.

Two of the tracks, "I Got Mine" and a long version of "Buffalo Skinners," were recorded live at Club 47 in Cambridge. Even stripped down, the arrangements of traditional songs like "The Cuckoo" are quite lively when placed side by side with the one-singer/one-guitar approach preferred by some revivalists. Kweskin's guitar and Richmond's bass keep time and fill in the background while Lyman adds asides and flourishes to Mississippi John Hurt's "My Creole Belle" and Grandpa Jones' "Eight More Miles to Louisville." Richmond helps out on the vocal of "Guabi Guabi," an African folk song recorded a couple years earlier by Ramblin' Jack Elliott, and Marilyn Kweskin sings a fine lead on "I Ain't Never Been Satisfied."

Overall, "Relax Your Mind" is a subdued recording, and lacks the irresponsible hijinks fans had come to expect from the Jim Kweskin Jug Band. Compared to other more traditional folk with barebones arrangements, however, "Relax Your Mind" is a lively affair. The album also shows that good folk recordings continued to be made after Dylan supposedly pulled the plug on the folk revival in 1965.

Jim Kweskin - Relax Your Mind (1966)
(192 kbps, front cover included)

Paul Butterfield Blues Band - Put It In Your Ear (1976)

Paul Butterfield was the first white harmonica player to develop a style original and powerful enough to place him in the pantheon of true blues greats. It's impossible to overestimate the importance of the doors Butterfield opened: before he came to prominence, white American musicians treated the blues with cautious respect, afraid of coming off as inauthentic.

"Put It In Your Ear" was issued in 1975 & features David Sanborn, Eric Gale, plus Garth Hudson & Levon Helm from The Band. When Levon Helm and Garth Hudson were working on Muddy Waters' Woodstock album in Albert Grossman's Bearsville studios in 1975, the pair also took the time to play on Butterfield's "Put It in Your Ear". The album features pianoman Rick Bell, who would join the reformed Band in the late '80s.

"Put It in Your Ear" was the effort of a Butterfield who wanted to chart a course very different from all of his preceding works. There was a more mature sound to the album and Butterfield was clearly treading on new ground, this time actively trying to reassert himself as a vocalist, with mixed results. On songs like "The Breadline" and "I Don't Wanna Go" he finds his niche, and the former features some plaintive harp playing that's evocative of the lyrics' social commentary. But his vocal efforts fall flat on "If I Never Sing My Song" and "Watch 'Em Tell a Lie"; he hadn't lived in these tunes and their complex chord changes long enough to get the feel down, or achieve a strong vocal presence, and neither has the bluesy feel that always worked best for him. The charts are excellent and the arrangements on some of the cuts are terrific, but all-in-all Put It in Your Ear comes across as a mixed bag. And there's just not enough harp playing. Critical reaction indicated a lot of confusion. What should have been a musical event - the first solo album by one of the great American bluesmen - fell flat. It would be years before another Butterfield album would arrive.

You Can Run But You Can't Hide (Paul Butterfield/Henry Glover)
(If I Never Sing) My Song (Fred Carter, Jr.)
The Animal (Hirth Martinez)
The Breadline (Henry Glover)
Ain't That A Lot Of Love (W.D. Parker/H. Banks)
I Don't Wanna Go (Fred Carter, Jr.)
Day To Day (Henry Glover)
Here I Go Again (Bobby Charles)
The Flame (Paul Butterfield)
Watch 'Em Tell A Lie (Henry Glover)

Paul Butterfield - Put It In Your Ear (1976)
(192 kbps, front cover included)

Dienstag, 21. September 2010

Pete Seeger, Woody Guthrie, Burl Ives and others - The Ballad Operas - The Martins and The Coys (1944)

This "ballad opera" is perhaps the most unlikely of all Alan Lomax projects. Recorded in 1944 for the BBC and reissued as part of the "Lomax Collection's Concert and Radio Series", "The Martins and the Coys" was based on a 1936 "imitation hillbilly" novelty hit by bandleader Ted Weems about feuding families similar to the Hatfields and the McCoys. The two families are eventually united by their love for America and mountain life, and by their hatred of fascism.

Lomax blended together narration, instrumentals, and traditional and topical songs, performed by urban and rural folk artists such as Woody Guthrie, Pete Seeger (both then unknown outside Manhattan folk circles), Burl Ives, and Grand Ole Opry great, Fiddlin' Arthur Smith. "Black Is the Color of My True Love's Hair" (Ives) and "Nine Hundred Miles" (Guthrie) are stunning. For collectors only, but it's that rarest of period pieces, one with style and substance. Listening to the unabashed patriotism of these performers, it's incomprehensible that within a decade, many would be blacklisted as un-American.

1. Martins and the Coys - Pete Seeger
2. Introduction - Alan Lomax
3. Cumberland Mountain Bear Chase - Will Geer, Burl Ives, Pete Seeger
4. Martins and the Coys - Geoff Bryant, Helen Claire, Jimmy Dobson, Will Geer, Burl Ives, Katherine Raht
5. Run, Boys, Run - Pete Seeger, Arthur "Guitar Boogie" Smith
6. Back to the Cabin - Geoff Bryant, Jimmy Dobson, Will Geer
7. Black Is the Color of My True Love's Hair - Burl Ives
8. Alec Coy at the Induction Center - "Chairman", "Sergeant", Woody Guthrie
9. You Better Get Ready - Woody Guthrie, Sonny Terry
10. At the Deer Forks Railway Depot - Geoff Bryant, Jimmy Dobson, Will Geer, Woody Guthrie, Burl Ives, Katherine Raht
11. Nine Hundred Miles - Woody Guthrie
12. Train Departs - Burl Ives
13. On Top of Old Smoky - Pete Seeger, Hally Wood
14. Agricultural Agent Visits the Coys - Helen Claire, Katherine Raht, Carson Robison
15. Deliver the Goods - Bella Allen, Rosalie Allen, Lily May Ledford, Pete Seeger
16. Alec and Ben in the Army Camp - Geoff Bryant, Woody Guthrie, Burl Ives
17. When We All Go Marching In - Pete Seeger, Sonny Terry
18. Deer Forks Victory Garden - Helen Claire, Will Geer, Burl Ives, Margaret Johnson, Katherine Raht
19. Red Rocking Chair - Alan Lomax, Pete Seeger, Hally Wood
20. Uncle Boone Visits the Coys - Helen Claire, Will Geer, Katherine Raht
21. How Many Biscuits Can You Eat? - Bella Allen, Rosalie Allen, Will Geer, Lily May Ledford
22. Ben and Alec Call off the Feud - Geoff Bryant, Woody Guthrie
23. All of You Fascists Bound to Lose - Woody Guthrie, Sonny Terry
24. Ben and Sary Meet Again - Geoff Bryant, Helen Claire
25. Turtle Dove - Burl Ives, Hally Wood
26. Ben Proposes to Sary - Geoff Bryant, Helen Claire
27. Smoky Mountain Gals - Bella Allen, Rosalie Allen, Lily May Ledford, Arthur "Guitar Boogie" Smith
28. Dance All Night With a Bottle in Your Hand - Woody Guthrie, Arthur "Guitar Boogie" Smith
29. Round and Round Hitler's Grave - Woody Guthrie, Burl Ives, Pete Seeger
30. Closing - Burl Ives
31. New Martins and the Coys - Woody Guthrie, Pete Seeger, Sonny Terry
32. Martins and the Coys - Ted Weems
33. New Martins and the Coys - Burl Ives, Alan Lomax, Pete Seeger, Union Boys
34. East Virginia Blues - Lily May Ledford
35. Sugar Babe - Lily May Ledford, Pete Seeger
36. Gypsy Davy - Bella Allen, Rosalie Allen, Lily May Ledford
37. Girls in the Neighborhood - Bella Allen, Rosalie Allen, Lily May Ledford
(320 kbps)

Sonntag, 19. September 2010

Neil Young & The Mynah Byrds - Studio Outtakes (1966)

The Mynah Birds were a short lived Canadian band in the sixties and featured Neil Young and Rick James as well as Bruce Palmer (Buffalo Springfield). These recordings were thought to be lost but resurfaced a few years ago. This recordings were also released on a bootleg called "The Lost Recordings".

The songs were recorded at Goldstar Studio, Detroit, January or February 1966.

01 - It's My Time
02 - I'll Wait Forever
03 - Masquerade
04 - Masquerade
05 - Fantasy
06 - I've Got You In My Soul
07 - Go On And Cry

For more information just click on this picture:

No link.

Slim Smith - Everybody Needs Love (Pama, 1969)

One of the most soulful and accomplished singers of Jamaica's ska, rocksteady, and early reggae eras, Slim Smith found his biggest success from 1965 until his premature death at age 25 in 1973. Although according to various reports stating he had a troubled and unstable life, Smith will best be remembered for his stunning contributions to reggae's vocal tradition.

"Everybody Needs Love" is an exceptional rocksteady record. Fans of his Studio One material will be equally pleased with these Bunny Lee-produced gems. The emotional investment that Smith puts into these pieces makes it difficult to imagine them not as stories from his own life but as the covers that many of them actually are. He simply pours so much into these songs that the plights detailed in their respective lyrics make every one of them seem like a legitimate concern on his part. And if that weren't enough, the instrumentation is absolutely stunning throughout — an appropriate launching pad for Smith's stellar vocal delivery. This combination makes even exhausted covers, like "Somebody to Love" (actually "Everybody Needs Somebody to Love"), new and fresh experiences all over again, while the otherwise questionable decision to cover "Zip-A-Dee-Doo-Dah" produced a version as sensual and funky as anything else in his catalog. This record is one of the best examples of the American soul influence on early reggae, making all the more puzzling Smith's outright exclusion from the Soul Jazz Studio One Soul compilation. Fans of that collection especially should see what they're missing out on with this very enjoyable record. Highest recommendation.

Slim Smith - Everybody Needs Love (Pama, 1969)
(192 kbps, front cover inlcuded)

Aparcoa - Chile (1975, Amiga, vinyl rip)

Aparcoa was a Chilean folk band founded in 1966.
Members were Julio Alegría, Felipe Canales, Miguel Córdova, Jaime Miqueles, Leonardo Parma, Rodrigo Zorrilla, Hugo Pirovic, Marcelo Fortín, Juan Carvajal, Juan Palomo.

The album "Chile" with political songs was released in 1975 on Amiga records.

01 - Chile
02 - Grandola, Vila Morena
03 - Los Jilgueros
04 - Alla Lejos Y Hace Tiempo
05 - El Banderon Americano
06 - Cuecas
07 - Los Machetes
08 - Mis Llamitas
09 - Plegaria Del Labrador
10 - Guitarra Enlunarada
11 - Las Ultimas Palabras

Aparcoa - Chile (Amiga, 1975)
(32o kbps, cover art included)

David Crosby & Graham Nash: Whale & Fieldworkers Benefit 1974 (Bootleg, San Francisco, CA, Dec 14, 1974)

The credit for this one goes to

Wally Heider who recorded Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young at the Fillmore in June, 1970 which became the famous Four Way Street album, was again at the soundboard to record this show in San Francisco. Nothing was released till 1977, when a Crosby & Nash album called Live came out. That album was recorded during the duo’s tours from 1975 to 1977. This show is among the earliest of their professional recordings. It seems to have been edited for a live album but never released.

This was not the country-rock-pop of Loggins & Messina nor the folk-rock-pop of Simon & Garfunkel but soft rock with a conscience. Especially in that vein was Graham Nash’s Prison Song and Chicago. Not to be outdone, David Crosby contributes the angry What Are Their Names?, a song-dirge about accountability that leads into Chicago.

With Stills somewhat distracted and Neil Young tail-spinning into insular projects like On The Beach, these were the years when Crosby & Nash had star power and a real career. But whereas Simon & Garfunkel split over politics [apparently Simon was pissed that Garfunkel was not keen to include Cuba Si Nixon No on Bridge Over Troubled Waters] and Loggins & Messina had too big egos, Crosby & Nash were consumed by their own excesses or at least Crosby’s indulgence with chemicals.

By the end of the ‘70s, the duo or as a trio with Stills could be found at anti-war benefits, anti-nuclear benefits and such shows still holding on to their ideals and those familiar songs. Their solo careers took hiatus as they regrouped to release what can best be said are mediocre albums compared to the first two album as a group or as a duo. When they had stopped listening, they had also stopped creating.

All the happy songs are here in superb hi-fidelity, suitable for entertaining. Play loud. Nothing has been officially released.

- Professor Red

No link.

Donnerstag, 16. September 2010

Hanns Stein & Cirilo Vila - Eisler Brecht Canciones (1971)

This is an album with classical songs by Hanns Eisler and Bertolt Brecht interpreted by the tenor Hanns Stein accompanied by Cirilo Vila on piano. It was released in 1971 on the label "Monofonico" in Santiago, Chile.
Hanns Stein was born in 1926 in Prague and exiled to Chile at the age of 12.
Cirilo Vila was born in Santiago, Chile, in 1937. He was the teacher of most Chilean art music composers from the 1970s to the 1990s.
Hanns Stein & Cirilo Vila - Eisler Brecht Canciones (1971)
(192 kbps, front & back cover included)

Mittwoch, 15. September 2010

Zero G Sound is gone

Blogger decided to take down the good old Zero G Sound blog. Right now we are looking for a new home to rebuild the blog.

Check in later for more informations.

Samstag, 11. September 2010

Bärbel Bohley is dead - R.I.P.

The former East German opposition activist and artist Baerbel Bohley died today of cancer aged 65.

Bärbel Bohley (24 May 1945 – 11 September 2010) was an East German opposition activist and artist. In 1983 she was expelled from the GDR artists federation (VBK) and was banned from travelling abroad or exhibiting her work in East Germany. She was accused of having contacts to the West German Green Party.

In 1985 she was one of the co-founders of the "Initiative for Peace and Human Rights". In 1988 she was arrested during a demonstration and was given a six month visa to the United Kingdom. She later returned to East Germany. In 1989 she was one of the founders of New Forum. It became the most prominent opposition group in the final phase of the GDR. The group advocated free elections, greater openness in East German society and a free press. East Germany opened its heavily fortified border on Nov. 9, 1989 after mounting peaceful protests helped undermine the communist government. New Forum's importance faded as Germany headed toward reunification in 1990.

Still, Bohley and other activists that year occupied the archives of the Stasi, East Germany's secret police — ultimately helping ensure that the public would be granted access to them.

After the unification of Germany in 1990 she was involved in several court trials because she publicly proclaimed Gregor Gysi to have been a Stasi informer, and actually spent several days in prison because she would not take the statement back publicly or pay a fine. In November, 1990, she supported the squatter movement in East Berlin and tried to prevent forcefully eviction of hundreds of squatters from houses in Mainzer Strasse by police acting in orders of the Senate of the recently united city.

In 1996, Bohley said that what had been achieved in Germany since reunification was "less than what we dreamed." - "But it is far more than what we had before," she said.

One of her later projects was a group help project near Sarajevo, where she put great effort into building homes in order to enable refugees to return after the armed conflicts in Bosnia-Hercegovina.

During the 1980s, the Gethsemane Church in East Berlin was an important meeting place for members of the opposition and the East German peace movement. After the opening of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989, a central meeting of the New Forum took place there on November 10 and 11. The New Forum was the first nationwide opposition movement that tried to create a platform for the public discussion of East Germany’s manifold problems. Second from left: Rolf Henrich, Jens Reich, and Bärbel Bohley (with microphone). Photo: Volker Döring

In memory of Bärbel Bohley we will post some albums of dissident East German artists in the next days.